Job Market Paper
Occupational Segregation by Gender of Recent College Graduates
Occupational Segregation by Gender of Recent College
Using the American Community Survey (ACS) and the Occupational Information Network (O*NET), this paper analyses whether men and women with the same college major segregate into different occupations associated with gendered occupational traits at the beginning of their careers before they have children. This paper finds that there are significant gender differences in occupational traits within most college majors with male graduates being in more competitive and inflexible occupations while female graduates are in occupations with higher levels of social contribution. If women have the same average occupational traits as men within major, the gender wage gap of recent, young college graduates decreases by 16.68%. In addition, if men and women are equally represented in each college major and have the same average occupational traits within major, the gender wage gap of young graduates is nearly eradicated. If this occupational segregation is due to gender differences in occupational preferences, then policies to decrease the gender wage gap of college graduates may need to require companies to have more flexible work arrangements and compensate occupations which contribute to society more.
Works in Progress
Gender Differences in Aspired Occupations
This paper analyses gender differences in occupational preferences by investigating whether adolescent men and women aspire to different occupations which are associated with gendered skills, non-pecuniary benefits or psychological traits. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and the O*NET database, I find that men aspire to occupations which are more competitive, risky, physical and require longer work hours while women aspire to occupations which contribute to society more and require higher levels of interactional skills. The aspired occupational traits of adolescent males are driven by the occupational traits of their fathers while this relationship is not found for adolescent females. I also find evidence that when the parents are one's role model, parental occupational traits have a stronger association with the child's aspired occupational traits.
Intergenerational Mobility in Gender-Role Attitudes in the United States: Correcting for Measurement Error
Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 Children and Young Adults, this paper analyses the association between a mother's gender-role attitudes and her children's gender-role attitudes while correcting for measurement error. This paper shows that the intergenerational mobility of gender-role attitudes is more accurately estimated when using a long-run estimate of the mother's gender-role attitudes. While controlling for measurement error by using Two-State Least Squares estimation, I find that having a mother who holds more progressive (traditional) gender-role attitudes is associated with her children developing more progressive (traditional) gender-role attitudes. Due to attenuation bias from measurement error, the mother’s effect on her children's attitudes is larger than previously found.