Job Market Paper

Occupational Segregation by Gender of Recent College Graduates

Occupational Segregation by Gender of Recent College 

Using the American Community Survey (ACS) and the Occupational Information Network (O*NET), this paper analyses the gender wage gap of young college graduates.  This paper finds occupational segregation by gender within college major contributes to the gender wage gap of college graduates.  Findings indicate that to decrease the gender wage gap of college graduate, policies should focus on making occupations more flexible to decrease gender differences in occupational choices within major.

Works in Progress

Gender Differences in Aspired Occupations

This paper analyses gender differences in occupational preferences by investigating whether adolescent men and women aspire to different occupations which are associated with gendered skills, non-pecuniary benefits or psychological traits.  Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and the O*NET database, I find that adolescent men aspire to occupations with higher levels of expected income, competitiveness, riskiness, physicality and inflexibility while women aspire to occupations which contribute to society and require higher levels of interactional skills.  The aspired occupational traits of adolescent males have a stronger relationship with the occupational traits of their fathers compared to adolescent females.  Furthermore, there is a stronger relationship between the traits of adolescents' aspired occupations and parental occupational traits if the parent is viewed as a role model.  These findings indicate that exposing young men and women to role models in gender atypical occupations may decrease occupational segregation by gender in aspired occupations.

Intergenerational Mobility in Gender-Role Attitudes in the United States: Correcting for Measurement Error

Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 Children and Young Adults, this paper analyses the association between a mother's gender-role attitudes and her children's gender-role attitudes while correcting for measurement error.  This paper shows that the intergenerational mobility of gender-role attitudes is more accurately estimated when using a long-run estimate of the mother's gender-role attitudes.  While controlling for measurement error by using Two-State Least Squares estimation, I find that having a mother who holds more progressive (traditional) gender-role attitudes is associated with her children developing more progressive (traditional) gender-role attitudes.  Due to attenuation bias from measurement error, the mother’s effect on her children's attitudes is larger than previously found.